Best Practice > Low Carbon Policies

Homes Retrofitting Scheme

RE:NEW in London
Aiming to cut London’s carbon pollution and helping Londoners save on energy bills. It is offering residents a range of free-of-charge, easy-to-do measures, from changing to low-energy light bulbs to installing stand-by switches and providing water and energy-saving advice. The program is in 2009-15.

Congestion Tax and Charge

Aiming to reduce traffic volumes in rush hours on the busiest roads, and to reduce emissions of pollutants harmful to human health and of carbon dioxide.

Congestion Charges in London
London was the first city to introduce a charge scheme to reduce traffic on a larger scale.

Congestion Tax in Stockholm since 2007, and in Gothenburg from 2013
The project in Stockholm is the second of its kind to be introduced in Europe following London.

Solar Ordinance

Solar ordinance means that it is mandatory to meet the heating demand from solar thermal energy in new and refurbished buildings. In some cases it means that other renewable energy sources can be also applied or there is a form of a minimum requirements for energy efficiency and the use of renewables.  It was introduced in cities, municipalities and countries. Examples are among others: Spain, Italy, Portugal, and Baden-Württemberg, and the harbour area in Hamburg, Germany.

Solar Ordinance in Barcelona and Spain
The solar ordinance was adopted first in Barcelona in 2000, and later it was adopted in other Catalan and Spanish cities. In 2006, the solar obligation became mandatory in all Spain. For all new buildings and renovations a minimum solar fraction from 30 to 70% is required.



Public Transport Strategy in Göteborg Region, Sweden
The goal is that 40 % of journeys should be by public transport by 2025.

Visions and Scenarios for Sustainable Energy in the Göteborg Region
The overall objective is a 30% reduction of CO2 emissions by 2020 compared to levels in 1990. The goal is to reduce CO2 emission per person from 10 tons to less than 2 tons.

Energy21, Visions, Strategy in Upper Austria
• The "Energy 21" programme, 2000-2010, aiming - among others - at doubling the biomass and solar energy use.
• The "Energy Efficiency Programme", 2004-2010, aiming at achieving a 1 % annual energy saving in the region and at increasing energy efficiency for public buildings by 1.5 % every year.
• By 2030, Upper Austria aiming to cover 100 % of its space heat and electricity demand from renewable energy sources.

Carbon Neutral Strategy in Costa Rica
Costa Rica has decided to act now and unilaterally, by declaring its goal to become a climate neutral country in 2021.
The Costa Rican Carbon Neutrality Strategy by the year 2021 is defined as a balanced zero or negative national inventory of emissions by sources and absorption by sinks of all anthropogenic activities of the different sectors considered by the IPCC Guidelines on Inventories of Greenhouse Gases. This strategy seeks to have zero impact on the climate.
See case on UNEP's web site.


ch 15, 2012
Paris, France
Final Conference

• Newsletter No.9, March 2012March, 2012
Newsletter # 9